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Could you explain the difference between reports …

Could you explain the difference between reports and certificate ?


Could you explain the difference between reports and certificate ?


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Jeeba Mar. 06, 2018

The term certificate means a written confirmation of the accuracy which does not have any estimate or opinion. Auditor certifies the financial statement. When an auditor certifies a financial statement, it implies that the contents of that statement can be measured and that the auditor has vouchsafed the exactness of the data.

The term certificate used where the auditor verifies certain exact facts. An auditor may thus, certify the circulation figures of a newspaper or the value of imports or exports of a company.

An auditor's certificate represents that he has verified certain precise figures and is in a position to vouch safe their accuracy as per the examination of documents and books of account.

An auditor's report, on the other hand, is an expression of opinion.

The term report implies that the auditor has examined relevant records in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and that he is expressing an opinion whether or not the financial statements represent a true and fair view of the state of affairs and of the working results of an enterprise. Since an auditor cannot guarantee that the figures in the Balance Sheet and Statement of Profit and Loss are absolutely precise, he cannot certify them. This is primarily because the accounts itself are product of observance of several accounting policies, the selection of which may vary from one professional to another and, thus, he can only have an overall view of the accounts through normal audit procedures. Therefore, the term certificate cannot be used in connection with these, statements.

Thus, when a reporting auditor issues a certificate, he is responsible for the factual accuracy of what is stated therein. On the other hand, when a reporting auditor gives a report, he is responsible for ensuring that the report is based factual data, that his opinion is in due accordance with facts, and that it is arrived at by the application of due care and skill.